Hyperlinked doi numbers are for the full text of the article.

In Press

  • Carpenter, C. J. (in press). An assessment of the measurement validity of the value-relevant involvement scale. Western Journal of Communication. doi: 10.1080/10570314.2018.1475680 
  • Carpenter, C. J., & Averbeck, J. M. (in press). What do superdiffusers do when they want to persuade someone about politics on Facebook? Communication Quarterly.


  • Carpenter, C. J., Zhu, X., & Smith, R. A. (2019). Do people who identify as popular become popular in a new network? A 9-month longitudinal network analysis. Journal of Social Structure20, 1-23. doi: 10.21307/joss-2019-001
  • Carpenter, C. J., Amaravadi, C. S. (2019). A big data approach to assessing the impact of social norms: Reporting one’s exercise to a social media audience. Communication Research, 46, 236–249. doi: 10.1177/0093650216657776
  • Carpenter, C. J. (2019). Cognitive dissonance, ego-involvement, and motivated reasoning. Annals of the International Communication Association, 43, 1-23. doi: 10.1080/23808985.2018.1564881


  • DeAndrea, D. C., & Carpenter, C. J. (2018). Measuring the construct of warranting value and testing warranting theory. Communication Research, 45, 1193–1215 . doi: 10.1177/0093650216644022
  • McEwan, B., Carpenter, C. J., & Hopke, J. E. (2018). Mediated skewed diffusion of issues information: A theory. Social Media + Society. doi: 10.1177/2056305118800319
  • McEwan, B., Carpenter, C. J., Westerman, D. (2018). On replication in communication science. Communication Studies, 69, 235-241. doi: 10.1080/10510974.2018.1464938
  • Smith, R. A., & Carpenter, C. J. (2018). Who persuades who? An analysis of persuasion choices related to antibiotic-free food. Health Communication, 33, 478-488. doi: 10.1080/10410236.2016.1278498
  • Levine, T. R., Blair, P., & Carpenter, C. J. (2018). A critical look at meta-analytic evidence for the cognitive approach to lie detection: A reexamination of Vrij, Fisher & Blank (2018). Legal and Criminological Psychology, 23, 7-19. doi: 10.1111/lcrp.12115
  • Carpenter, C. J. (2018). Using Spinozan processing theory to predict the perceived likelihood of persuasive message claims: When message recall matters and when it does not. Southern Communication Journal, 83, 1-12. doi: 10.1080/1041794X.2017.1373146


  • Samson-Secrieru, L., & Carpenter, C. J. (2017). Examining mindlessness and friendliness in the evoking freedom compliance-gaining technique. Communication Research Reports, 34, 368-375. doi: 10.1080/08824096.2017.1368473
  • Cionea, I. A., Piercy, C. W., & Carpenter, C. J. (2017). A profile of arguing behaviors on Facebook. Computers in Human Behavior, 76, 438-449. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2017.08.009
  • Carpenter, C. J. (2017). A relative commitment approach to understand power in romantic relationships. Communication Studies, 68, 115-130. doi: 10.1080/10510974.2016.1268639
  • Carpenter, C. J., & Tong, S. T. (2017). Relational distancing and termination between online friends: An application of the investment model. Proceedings of ACM SIGCHI 2017 (pp. 6925-6935). doi: 10.1145/3025453.3026026
  • Carpenter, C. J. (2017). Meta-analysis. In Mike Allen (Ed.). The Sage encyclopedia of communication research methods (pp. 980-983). Los Angeles, CA: Sage. doi: 10.4135/9781483381411.n341
  • Carpenter, C. J. (2017). Persuasion. In Mike Allen (Ed.). The Sage encyclopedia of communication research methods (pp. 1225-1227). Los Angeles, CA: Sage. doi: 10.4135/9781483381411.n425


  • Carpenter, C. J. (2016). Romantic jealousy on Facebook. International Journal of Interactive Communication Systems and Technologies, 6. doi: 10.4018/IJICST.2016010101
  • Day, J., & Carpenter, C. J. (2016). The political superdiffuser. Illinois Political Science Review, 16, 3-28.
  • Pascual, A., Carpenter, C., Guéguen, N., & Girandola, F. (2016). A meta-analysis of the effectiveness of the low-ball compliance gaining procedure. European Review of Applied Psychology, 66, 261-267. doi: 10.1016/j.erap.2016.06.004
  • Carpenter, C. J., & McEwan, B. (2016). The players of micro-dating: Individual and gender differences in goal orientations toward micro-dating apps. First Monday. doi: 10.5210/fm.v21i5.6187
  • Carpenter, C. J., Pascual, A. (2016). Testing the reactance vs. the reciprocity of politeness explanations for the effectiveness of the “but you are free” compliance-gaining technique. Social Influence, 11, 101-110. doi: 10.1080/15534510.2016.1156569


  • Pfafman, T. M. Carpenter, C. J., & Tang, Y. (2015). The politics of racism: Constructions of African immigrants in China on ChinaSMACK. Communication, Culture, & Critique, 8, 540-556. doi: 10.1111/cccr.12098
  • Carpenter, C. J. (2015). A meta-analysis of the ELM’s argument quality X processing type predictions. Human Communication Research, 41, 501-534. doi: 10.1111/hcre.12054
  • Boster, F. J., Carpenter, C. J., & Kotowski, M. R. (2015). Validation studies of the maven scale. Social Influence, 10, 85-96. doi: 10.1080/15534510.2014.939224
  • Boster, F. J., Shaw, S. Z., Carpenter, C. J., & Lindsey-Massi, L. (2015). Simulation of a dynamic theory of reasoned action. Simulation and Gaming, 45, 699-731. doi: 10.1177/1046878114562930
  • Carpenter, C. J., Boster, F. J., Kotowski, M. R., & Day, J. (2015). Evidence for the validity of a social connectedness scale: Connectors amass bridging social capital online and offline. Communication Quarterly, 63, 119-134. doi: 10.1080/01463373.2015.1012217
  • Pascual, A., Meineri, S., Carpenter, C., Jugel, M., Guy, P., Vallée, B. & Guéguen, N. (2015). Operationalizations of the “but you are free” technique with the word liberty and the Statue of Liberty symbol on clothes: Effects on compliance-gaining. Social Influence, 10, 149-156. doi: 10.1080/15534510.2015.1026390


  • Carpenter, C. J. (2014). Making compliance seem more important: The “just-one-more” technique of gaining compliance. Communication Research Reports, 31, 163-170. doi: 10.1080/08824096.2014.907144
  • Carpenter, C. J. (2014). Meta-analysis: Sexual versus emotional infidelity as an example. In Sage research methods cases. Los Angeles, CA: Sage. doi: 10.4135/978144627305014539448
  • Carpenter, C. J. (2014). Health belief model. In T. L. Thompson, & G. Golson, (Eds.), Encyclopedia of health communication (pp. 544-546). Los Angeles, CA: Sage.
  • Carpenter, C. J. (2014). Opinion leaders. In T. L. Thompson, & J. G. Golson, (Eds.), Encyclopedia of health communication (pp. 993-994). Los Angeles, CA: Sage.


  • Carpenter, C. J. (2013). A meta-analysis of the effectiveness of the “but you are free” compliance-gaining technique. Communication Studies, 64, 6-17. doi: 10.1080/10510974.2012.727941
  • Carpenter, C. J., & Boster, F. J. (2013). Modeling the effects of processing effort and ability in response to persuasive message arguments. Communication Quarterly, 61, 413-430. doi: 10.1080/01463373.2013.799509
  • Carpenter, C. J., & Boster, F. J. (2013). The relationship between message recall and persuasion: More complex than it seems. Journal of Communication, 63, 661-681. doi: 10.1111/jcom.12042
  • Carpenter, C. J., & McEwan, B. (2013). Who are we educating? Why undergraduate students choose to major in communication. Journal of the Association for Communication Administration, 32, 2-13.
  • Carpenter, C. J., & Spottswood, E. L. (2013). Exploring romantic relationships on social networking sites using the self-expansion model. Computers in Human Behavior, 29, 1531-1537. doi: j.chb.2013.01.021
  • Levine, T. R., Shulman, H., Carpenter, C. J., DeAndrea, D. C., & Blair, J. P. (2013). The impact of accusatory, non‑accusatory, bait, and false evidence questioning in deception. Communication Research Reports, 30, 169-174. doi: 10.1080/08824096.2012.762905
  • Carpenter, C. J., Boster, F. J., & Andrews, K. R. (2013). Functional attitude theory. In J. P. Dillard, & L. J. Shen (Eds.), The Sage handbook of persuasion: Developments in theory and practice (2nd ed., pp. 64-119). Los Angeles, CA: Sage. doi: 10.4135/9781452218410.n7
  • Andrews, K. R., Boster, F. J., & Carpenter, C. J. (2013) Persuading in the small group context. In J. P. Dillard, & L. J. Shen (Eds.), The sage handbook of persuasion: Developments in theory and practice (2nd ed., pp. 354-370). Los Angaeles, CA: Sage. doi: 10.4135/9781452218410.n21


  • Boster, F. J., Carpenter, C. J., Andrews, K. R., & Mongeau, P. A. (2012). Employing interpersonal influence to promote behavioral change. Health Communication, 27, 399-407. doi: 10.1080/10410236.2011.595771
  • Carpenter, C. J. (2012). A meta-analysis and an experiment investigating the effects of speaker disfluency on persuasion. Western Journal of Communication, 76, 552-569doi: 10.1080/10570314.2012.662307
  • Carpenter, C. J. (2012). A meta-analysis of the functional matching effect based on functional attitude theory. Southern Journal of Communication. 77, 438-451. doi: 10.1080/1041794X.2012.699989
  • Carpenter, C. J. (2012). A trim and fill examination of the extent of publication bias in communication research. Communication Methods and Measures, 6, 41-55. doi: 10.1080/19312458.2011.651347
  • Carpenter, C. J. (2012). Meta-analyses of gender differences in responses to sexual versus emotional infidelity: Men and women are more similar than different. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 36, 25-37. doi: 10.1177/0361684311414537
  • Carpenter, C. J. (2012). Narcissism on Facebook: Self-promotional and anti-social behavior. Personality and Individual Differences, 52, 482-486. doi: j.paid.2011.11.011


  • Carpenter, C. J., & Henningsen, D. D. (2011). The effects of passive verb constructed arguments on persuasion. Communication Research Reports, 28, 52-61. doi: 10.1080/08824096.2011.541358


  • Carpenter, C. J. (2010). A meta-analysis of the effectiveness of health belief model variables in predicting behavior. Health Communication, 25, 661-669. doi: 10.1080/10410236.2010.521906


  • Carpenter, C. J., & Boster, F. J. (2009). A meta-analysis of the effectiveness of the disrupt-then-reframe compliance gaining technique. Communication Reports, 22, 55-62. doi: 10.1080/08934210903092590
  • Carpenter, C. J., Kotowski, M. R., Boster, F. J., Andrews, K. R., Serota, K., & Shaw, A. S. (2009). Do superdiffusers argue differently? An analysis of argumentation style as a function of diffusion ability. Argumentation and Advocacy, 45, 151-170. doi: 10.1080/00028533.2009.11821704
  • DeAndrea, D. C., Carpenter, C. J., Shulman, H., & Levine, T. R. (2009). The relationship between cheating behavior and sensation-seeking. Personality and Individual Differences, 47, 944-947. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2009.07.021
  • Henningsen, D. D., Serewicz, M. C. M., & Carpenter, C. J. (2009). Predictors of comforting communication in romantic relationships. International Journal of Communication, 3, 351-368.
  • Levine, T. R., Asada, K., & Carpenter, C. J. (2009). Sample sizes and effect sizes are negatively correlated in meta-analyses: Evidence and implications of a publication bias against non-significant findings. Communication Monographs, 76, 286-302. doi: 10.1080/03637750903074685


  • Andrews, K. R., Carpenter, C. J., Shaw, A. S., Boster, F. J. (2008). The legitimization of paltry favors effect: A review and meta-analysis. Communication Reports, 21, 59-69. doi: 10.1080/08934210802305028